The problem

You have an awesome Java app that is growing like crazy and you need to be on top of it. You will start spawning servers to scale horizontally and putting a reliable balancer in front. AWS ELB is a good one but it will not solve all your needs out of the box. You need to tweak it a little bit to fit your needs.

Your app is secure, you have a SSL certificate installed but the problem is how do I redirect or force all HTTP traffic to HTTPS ?

The approach

Put an NGINX in each Tomcat instance. You will say.. another webserver ? yes, another one. Another point of failure but a very reliable one. Nginx is super reliable and has the smallest footprint I ever seen in a serious web server. (NodeJS is not a serious one, that is why people puts NGINX in front of it)

NGINX Config

NGINX will rewrite all requests to the ELB calling the HTTPS port utilizing status 301.

server {
  listen 80;
  # add ssl settings
  return 301$request_uri;

Tomcat config

Now you need to touch the server.xml configuration of Tomcat (located @ $TOMCAT/conf/server.xml) .

<Connector scheme="https" secure="true" proxyPort="443"
  port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1"
  redirectPort="8443" />

Amazon Elastic Load Balancer

You are not done yet. You have to configure in the AWS ELB the following listeners.

 HTTP 80 -> HTTP 80 (nginx)
 HTTPS 443 -> HTTP 8080 (tomcat)

I hope it works for you. It did for me.